Iran incurs 35 thousand deaths due to incidents, half of which happens on the roads.
The most important means of preventing these losses is increasing safety through three main pillars. First, Engineering, which is standardization of the roads and other understructures.
Second, Education that produces safety culture, so that people will not actively cause accidents themselves.
And third, Enforcement of law, to ensure that behaviors arising hazards, will not happen.
Despite practicing all these, incidents happen, cause injuries and illnesses and urge us to control their losses as much as possible. EMS 115 organization manages this process.
Based on the standards, after getting notified of an incident, medical team should get to the scene in less than 15 minutes on the roads and non-residential areas and less than 8 minutes in residential districts.
Iran is among ten most risky countries in the world in terms of natural disasters and is the sixth in Asia. Casualties caused by these disasters are spread across the vast area of Iran which is 19th largest in the world.
Moreover, Iran consists wide variety of physiographic conditions.
In such circumstances, reaching the critically ill or injured in less than 15 minutes could be exceptionally difficult and requires extensive infrastructure and a variety of vehicles compatible with different physiographical conditions.
Fortunately, considerable portion of our country in covered by standard EMS. In some regions, however, EMS need to be widely developed; especially in rural and mountainous regions, and impassable roads. In such cases, the most effective means to cover this shortage, would be transportation of both medical team and patients through air.
As a practical experience, 75% drop in the travel time of critical patients to the hospital, and 50% drop in deaths of the pregnant, as a result of air ambulance worth mentioning.